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Medication For Addiction Treatment

How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication


A lot of efficient addiction treatment programs need the use of other drugs to help withdrawal side effects and decrease the chance of relapse. Staying sober can be much easier for a recovering addict with the help of medication. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. For inpatient and outpatient rehab plans they have included medicines in addiction treatment. The monitoring physician keeps altering the amount the patient takes for maximum benefit.


Relief of withdrawal can be found in other drugs that mimic the effects of the drug they are addicted to.


Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing

The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This stage is known as the detox period. Depending on what drug one has been taking and for how long, the rehab process can take many days to many weeks.

The detox period is made difficult by the withdrawal symptoms that result from denying the body the drug it has become accustomed to. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. For those addicts of long term, high dose drug or alcohol abuse the withdrawal symptoms will be more severe.


There are many uncomfortable symptoms that may be experienced during this stage of recovery. Some of these are:

  • Anxiousness
  • Gloominess
  • Feeling sick
  • Uncontrollable shaking
  • Body pains
  • Excessive perspiration

Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. Many of the drugs that doctors use in detoxification are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • Anxiety and crabbiness can be decrease by these medicines.
  • Withdrawal from many drugs including Heroin and Cocaine can cause anxiousness.
  • The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
  • Since the benzos are potentially addictive too, doctors prescribe them with care.
  • Antidepressants
  • An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
  • It is common with the people in detox to feel depressed as they have been using drugs for a much longer period to keep themselves happy.
  • Until the brain is capable to generate joy - inducing chemicals by itself again, antidepressants, such as Zoloft and Prozac, can assist when it comes to alleviating these sensations.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
  • Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.

The ones detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Xanax, should never quit "cold turkey" since it may be fatal. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. There is a complete surety of success and security in detox.

Talk to someone who can help you if you are going through addiction problem.


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Medications For Treating Alcohol Withdrawal

Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. This occurrence is known as prolong or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. Patient take these tablets every day.


Alcohol addiction medication includes:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
  • Not only this, it also suppress the desire of drinking.
  • Naltrexone might provoke some sickness in stomach or headaches.
  • It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
  • Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
  • This medication reduces the urge to drink as it prevents negativity including depression and paranoia.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Among the drugs approved for treating alcoholism Disulfiram was the first one.
  • Disulfiram causes sickness and vomiting if alcohol is consumed at the same time.
  • To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.

Get more information about medical help for alcohol addiction.


Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction

Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. These medications are usually taken daily in tablet form.

Everyone has a different withdrawal experience and for some it may only last as little as a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. The urges to use drugs and PAWS can be treated using long-term replacement medications. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.

For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:

  • Methadone
  • An Opioid, Methadone is used to help with detoxification from opiate drug dependencies.
  • It works just like the Heroin and pain relievers by connecting itself to the sensory nerves of the brain, but it does not cause dependence on the user.
  • Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
  • Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
  • Every day, many doses of Methadone are dispensed by Methadone clinics.
  • Get further information about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
  • Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone is for both opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
  • Mostly, it puts an end to cravings.
  • Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.

Detoxing And Rehab

Drug addicts when they want to stop addiction sometimes will choose to detox without medical supervision. Detoxing with no medical supervision, it is difficult as well as risky. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. Some addictions such as alcohol or benzos are more suited to medical detox.

A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.

Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. The patient's vital signs and fluid levels can be monitored by a doctor. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.

Patients with other health complications would be well advised to go on a medical detox. Blood pressure can be problematic during detox. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.

In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. 30 to 90 days of rehab is the average time it takes. The patient is placed under consistent monitoring and observation the first week of rehab which is very crucial. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.

Find a rehab centre with proper medical detox for love ones call 0800 246 1509.