The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The most significant areas of risks through the use of alcohol or drugs lie in the connection between alcohol, drugs and criminal activities.
In an estimate, 80% of crimes leading to imprisonment in the UK ranging from domestic violence, drug offences, property crimes, public-order crimes and being intoxicated while driving, the implication of alcohol and drugs in most cases has been observed.
Because of the part alcoholism and drug addiction has played, the country's number of inmates has skyrocketed way above normal capacity.
The Ministry of Justice revealed that, 37% of about 2 million convicted offenders were reported to have been drinking during arrest; further alcohol is responsible for about 40% of all known violent crimes.
It was discovered that law violations that involved the use of violence, such as sexual assault, domestic abuse, physical attacks, and homicides, involved alcohol in some way when compared to any other illicit substance. Statistics that show the connection between alcohol and violent law breaking usually reveal that nearly 50% of all murders and physical attacks are done when the law breaker and/or victim has been consuming alcohol, and nearly three million violent law violations happen yearly where the victim reported that the law breaker was consuming alcohol. Most offenders in aggressive offences, leaving aside burglary, are likely to have taken some other drugs.
Alcohol is often a factor which can lead to violent behaviour and in most cases, the offender and the victim are known to each other. Only 31% of crimes are reported to have been done by unfamiliar people resulting from alcohol consumption, in comparison to a staggering two-thirds, where the victim was abused by a known person, such as current or ex spouse, workmate, boyfriend or girlfriend. Alcohol consuming offenders are involved in up to 500,000 quarrels between people living together; alcohol is also involved in about 118,000 family fights where the spouse is not involved, while 744,000 cases involving relatives are due to alcohol.
There are some complications when it comes to the connection between crime and drug use, with the poser being whether people that use drugs are already disposed towards crimes or whether it is drug consumption that makes them commit crimes.
In many cases criminals abstain from illegal drugs, while at times, illegal drug users commit no other form of crime. Meanwhile, the relationship between crime and chronic drug use is high and direct, and constant use of drugs can trigger other innate criminal tendencies.
Primarily, the kinds of drug-related crimes come to three:
Law violations where there is material gain, such as shop lifting or housebreaking, or larceny and robbery, or other law violations meant to satisfy the habit, are the crimes that addicted individuals are mostly apprehended for. 17% convicts admitted to commit crimes to get money for drugs, 2004 crime rate conducted survey revealed. Medication abuse and ladies, men and youngsters are closely connected. These people are included in selling and buying of drugs, or abused by, the sex trafficking business. A significant number of these people are captured by the criminal justice framework. Drug us is not only a factor that correlates to sexual exploitation, but also a way for those being exploited to cope.
Being the third most reported law violation, over one million individuals have been apprehended by the law for operating a vehicle while drunk in the UK. Driving under the influenze of liquor and drugs is the main source of death, damage and causes handicap to youngsters less than 21 years old. It accounts to almost 40% of all road fatalities. Car accidents involving someone driving while intoxicated kill about 36 people and injured 700 others daily. Tranquilizes (e.g., maryjane and cocaine) if used in combination with liquor is a chief cause for 18% of motor vehicle accident deaths.
In 2007, as per the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, roughly one in eight drivers who drive during nighttime are tried positive for unlawful medications. A study conducted during 2010 evaluation revealed one in eight high school senior students had experienced with marijuana smoking, two weeks leading to this survey interview.
A lot of prescribed medications like opioid pain relievers and benzodiazepines taken for anxiety of sleep disorders come with warnings that heavy machinery, which includes automobiles, shouldn't be used for a period of time after use. Taking prescription drugs without medical supervision is a recipe for disaster when it comes to driving and heavy activities.
Four out of five young people arrested for petty offenses committed such crimes under the influence of alcohol or drugs, the positive drug test results indicated in addition to admission of the offender as having abused drug, drinking alcohol or a combination the two prior to committing the offense and subsequent arrest.
1.9 million of 2.4 million adolescent captures had substance mishandle and drug addiction problems, however, only 68,600 adolescents got substance addiction treatment.
Among spousal victims, records are available to show that nearly 3 out of four incidents, which were documented were committed by an offender who had been drinking.
1999 study on women attacked by partners showed huge increase of reported cases associated to substance abuse and health related issues to be the origin of the violence. 33 percent of crime against women encountering physical abuse is due to medication and liquor issues, contrasted with 16 percent of the individuals who did not encounter brutality.
Abusive behavior at home additionally affects other relatives. 50% of children who experience domestic violence between parents or guardians are prone to turn to drug and alcohol abuse, a study conducted in the UK showed.
For victims of domestic violence, 55% of the cases involved alcohol while only 9% involved drugs; for spousal violence, alcohol was involved 65% of the time while only 5% for drugs.
No reported child abuse cases are distinctively tied to alcohol abuse, however, numerous aspects are known to influence and lead to child molestation. Pressures within the family, alcohol and drug abuse along with social isolation can all lead to stress among the parents and increase the chances of the parent striking out at their child. Alcohol consumption is reported by four out ten people who abuse children.
Estimates are available to show that about 50% of prisoners meet the criteria for drug abuse and dependence but the number among the people who need treatment receiving it is fewer than 20%.
Without getting medical care for their dependency, avoiding law violations and re-apprehension by the law in future is impossible for a lot of individuals in the system. Roughly 95% of detainees come back to liquor and medication use after discharge from jail, and 60 - 80% of medication abusers carry out another wrongdoing (regularly a medication driven wrongdoing) after discharge from jail.
Offenders with the problem of drug and alcohol-related offences can interrupt the criminal-justice system by utilising a method of treatment, which will prove best for their requirements. Medial care has been shown to be effective by research -- this proves that remaining free from alcohol and drugs is possible for individuals, especially since many have managed to do so before. Also study indicates that as substance mishandle and criminal are directly proportional; when abuse decreases, crime rates also goes down. People should be able to get help when they need it, even in jail or prison.
Treatment can also save money. A review found that for every dollar spent on substance mishandle treatment, '5.60 is spared as far as less captures, detainments, sustenance stamp utilize, and also lowers youngster welfare and medicinal expenses. Tax payers stand to gain enormous benefits from the decline of criminal behaviour originating from drug abuse through treatment and successful recovery programs.